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Modernism and the Middle East: Architecture and Politics in the Twentieth Century

Author/EditorIsenstadt S (Author)
Rizvi, Kishwar (Author)
ISBN: 9780295987941
Pub Date24/06/2008
BindingPaperback
Pages320
Dimensions (mm)229(h) * 152(w)
Focuses on the development of modern architecture in the Middle East. Ranging from Jerusalem at the turn of the 20th century to Libya under Italian colonial rule, post-war Turkey, and on to Iraq, this title looks around the historical encounter between the politics of nation-building and architectural modernism's materials, methods, and motives.
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This provocative collection of essays is the first book-length treatment of the development of modern architecture in the Middle East. Ranging from Jerusalem at the turn of the twentieth century to Libya under Italian colonial rule, postwar Turkey, and on to present-day Iraq, the essays cohere around the historical encounter between the politics of nation-building and architectural modernism's new materials, methods, and motives.

Architecture, as physical infrastructure and as symbolic expression, provides an exceptional window onto the powerful forces that shaped the modern Middle East and that continue to dominate it today. Experts in this volume demonstrate the political dimensions of both creating the built environment and, subsequently, inhabiting it. In revealing the tensions between achieving both international relevance and regional meaning, Modernism in the Middle East affords a dynamic view of the ongoing confrontations of deep traditions with rapid modernization. Political and cultural historians, as well as architects and urban planners, will find fresh material here on a range of diverse practices.

This provocative collection of essays is the first book-length treatment of the development of modern architecture in the Middle East. Ranging from Jerusalem at the turn of the twentieth century to Libya under Italian colonial rule, postwar Turkey, and on to present-day Iraq, the essays cohere around the historical encounter between the politics of nation-building and architectural modernism's new materials, methods, and motives.

Architecture, as physical infrastructure and as symbolic expression, provides an exceptional window onto the powerful forces that shaped the modern Middle East and that continue to dominate it today. Experts in this volume demonstrate the political dimensions of both creating the built environment and, subsequently, inhabiting it. In revealing the tensions between achieving both international relevance and regional meaning, Modernism in the Middle East affords a dynamic view of the ongoing confrontations of deep traditions with rapid modernization. Political and cultural historians, as well as architects and urban planners, will find fresh material here on a range of diverse practices.

Sandy Isenstadt is assistant professor of modern architecture in the Department of the History of Art, Yale University. Kishwar Rizvi is assistant professor of Islamic art and architecture, also at Yale University. Other contributors are Nezar AlSayyad, Magnus Bernhardsson, Sibel Bozdogan, Waleed Khleif, Roy Kozlovsky, Brian McLaren, Alona Nitzan-Shiftan, Panayiota Pyla, Susan Slyomovics, Annabel Wharton, and Gwendolyn Wright.

Preface Acknowledgments Introduction: Modern Architecture and the Middle East: The Burden of Representation / Sandy Isenstadt and Kishwar Rizvi Part One | Colonial Constructions 1. Jerusalem Remade / Annabel Wharton 2. Modern Architecture, Preservation, and the Discourse on Local Culture in Italian Colonial Libya / Brian L. McLaren Part Two | Building the Nation 3. Visions of Iraq: Modernizing the Past in 1950s Baghdad / Magnus T. Bernhardsson 4. Baghdad's Urban Restructuring, 1958: Aesthetics and the Politics of Nation Building / Panayiota I. Pyla 5. Democracy, Development, and the Americanization of Turkish Architectural Culture in the 1950s / Sibel Bozdogan 6. Temporal States of Architecture: Mass Immigration and Provisional Housing in Israel / Roy Kozlovsky 7. Modernisms in Conflict: Architecture and Cultural Politics in Post-1967 Jerusalem / Alona Nitzan-Shiftan 8. Palestinian Remembrance Days and Plans: Kafr Qasim, Fact and Echo / Waleed Khleif and Susan Slyomovics Part Three | Overviews and Openings 9. Global Ambition and Local Knowledge / Gwendolyn Wright 10. From Modernism to Globalization: The Middle East in Context / Nezar Alsayyad Bibliography Contributors Index

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